The Land Ethic

Published in 1949 as the finale toA Sand County Almanac,Aldo Leopold's "Land Ethic" essay is a call for moral responsibility to the natural world.在其核心,the idea of a land ethic is simply caring: 金宝博官方网about people,金宝博官方网about land,以及加强金宝博官方网他们之间的关系。

What are Ethics?

Fundamentally grounded in values,ethics are a moral sense of right and wrong.道德是通过人们的生活方式来体现的:当一个人关心某人或某物时,金宝博官方网their actions convey that care and respect,and invite the same in return.

"When we see land as a community to which we belong,we may begin to use it with love and respect."

What is a Land Ethic?

Ethics direct all members of a community to treat one another with respect for the mutual benefit of all.Aland ethic扩大“社区”的定义,不仅包括人类,but all of the other parts of the Earth,as well: soils,水域,plants,and animals,or what Leopold called "the land."

aldo-leopold-inspecting-pine在利奥波德的土地伦理观中,the relationships between people and land are intertwined: care for people cannot be separated from care for the land.土地伦理是一种道德行为准则,它源于这些相互关联的关心关系。

Leopold did not define the land ethic with a litany of rights and wrongs inA Sand County Almanac.Instead,he presented it as a set of values that naturally grew out of his lifetime of experiences in the outdoors.利奥波德写道:“我们只能在我们能看到的事情上保持道德,明白了,感觉,love,or otherwise have faith in."

He believed that direct contact with the natural world was crucial in shaping our ability to extend our ethics beyond our own self-interest.He hoped his essays would inspire others to embark or continue on a similar lifelong journey of outdoor exploration,developing an ethic of care that would grow out of their own close personal connection to nature.

Evolution in a Thinking Community

Leopold recognized that his dream of a widely accepted and implemented set of values based on caring – for people,for land,对于他们之间的所有联系,必须“在思维共同体的头脑中进化”。

We are all part of the thinking community that needs to shape a land ethic for the 21st century and beyond.To do that,we must engage in thoughtful dialog with each other,inviting a diversity of perspectives,experiences,和背景。Together,we can form a land ethic that can be passed down to future generations.

Download a list of Land Ethic Additional Readings in printable PDF format: